Big Data is a term describing the continuous increase in data, and the technologies needed to collect, store, manage, and analyse it. It is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon, impacting people, processes and technology. From a technology point of view, Big Data encompasses hardware and software that integrate, organise, manage, analyse, and present data which is characterised by "four Vs": volume (size of the data sets), velocity (high speed of data processing), variety (different types and sources of data used), and veracity (high quality of analysed data).
Blockchain is a digital, distributed ledger of transactions or records, in which the ledger stores the information or data and exists across multiple participants in a peer-to-peer network. Distributed ledgers technology allows new transactions to be added to an existing chain of transactions using a secure, digital or cryptographic signature. Blockchain protocols aggregate, validate, and relay transactions within the blockchain network. Blockchain technology allows the data to exist on a network of instances or "nodes," allowing for copies of the ledger to exist rather than being managed in one centralized instance.
Cloud computing includes the delivery of tools and applications like data storage, servers, databases and software based on a network of remote servers through the Internet. Cloud computing services enable users to store files and applications in a virtual place or the cloud and access all the data via the Internet. Public cloud services are available on public networks and open to a largely unrestricted universe of potential users, designed for a market, not a single enterprise.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of smart, interconnected devices and services that are capable of sensing or even listening to requests. IoT is an aggregation of endpoints that are uniquely identifiable and that communicate bi-directionally over a network using some form of automated connectivity. The Internet of Things relies on networked sensors to remotely connect, track and manage products, systems and grids. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) – a subset of the larger Internet of Things – focuses on the specialized requirements of industrial applications, such as manufacturing, oil and gas, and utilities.
Security products are tools designed using a wide variety of technologies to enhance the security of an organization's networking infrastructure — including computers, information systems, internet communications, networks, transactions, personal devices, mainframe, and the cloud — as well as help provide advanced value-added services and capabilities. Cybersecurity products are utilized to provide confidentiality, integrity, privacy, and assurance. Through the use of security applications, organizations are able to provide security management, access control, authentication, malware protection, encryption, data loss prevention (DLP), intrusion detection and prevention (IDP), vulnerability assessment (VA), and perimeter defense, among other capabilities.
Robotics is a technology that encompasses the design, building, implementation, and operation of robots. Robotics includes applications designed to conduct a specific task or series of tasks for commercial purposes. These robots may be stationary or mobile but are limited in function as defined by the intended application. Multipurpose robots are capable of performing a variety of functions and movements determined by a user that programs the robot for tasks, movement, range, and other functions and that may change the effector based on the required task. These robots function autonomously within the parameters of their programming to conduct tasks for commercial applications and may be fixed, "moveable," or mobile. Cognitive robots are capable of decision making and reason, which allows them to function within a complex environment.
Connectivity refers to all those technologies and services that allow end-users to connect to a communication network. It encompasses an increasing volume of data, wireless and wired protocols and standards, and combinations within a single use case or location.
Standard connectivity includes Fixed Voice and Mobile Voice telecom services to allow fixed or mobile voice communications, but also Fixed Data and Mobile Data services to have access and transfer data via a network.
Advanced connectivity that is in the focus of the ATI project refers to the rise of Internet of Things scenarios, where connectivity technology boundaries expand beyond wired and cellular (e.g. 4G, 5G) services to Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN), Satellite, and Short Range Wireless technologies (e.g. Bluetooth, ZigBee).
IT for Mobility
Mobility covers a large number of different technology areas and markets, which does not only encompass vehicles that take people from point A to point B, but also includes all kinds of technologies that make people more mobile (like for example mobile phones etc.). These, however, consist of a large set of sub-technologies that are hard to capture at the same time. In this project, the patent, trade, prodcom, investment and skills analysis focus on a sub-section of mobility, which is related to vehicles only, e.g. satellite navigation and radio-location, which are also the core technologies that are necessary to make autonomous driving work.
The survey analysis captures mobility in terms of the workforce. The enterprise mobility market is made up of a conglomeration of mobile solutions and technologies, including hardware, software and services, empowering a borderless workforce to securely work anywhere, at any time and from any device. It does not include only the provision of smartphones or tablets to the workforce but also all the tools and applications for transforming key processes, from internal operations to operations with customers and suppliers, all the way from the shop floor to the top floor and from the back office to the end customers.